292-305. Summary Once more, circular questions were used to elucidate the problem and identify possible routes for change. Ashkan Bastani Healy stated “the original proponents of general systems theory used biological terminology to explain client needs, situations and the purpose of social work practice” (2005). James, P. and Murray, R.M., 1991. Disorganised families and the helping professions: “Who’s in charge of what?”. Tomm, K., 1988. Social workers apply systems theory to micro, meso , and macro levels of practice, in order to understand the dynamic interrelations between individuals, families, institutions, and societies. Although this paradigm was initially applied to the physical world (mathematics, biochemistry, etc), it was adopted by the therapeutic community in order to formulate an understanding of systems comprising individuals and organisations. A specific use of circular questioning is to define the problem (Bentovim and Bingley Miller, 2002). O’Brian, C. and Bruggen, P., 1985. I applied the theory of psychoanalysis to the practice situation in order to explore underlying issues which had made ME so dependent upon her partner, JM. The ecological systems theory is helpful on both the micro and macro level of social work. Ecological Systems Theory and Person-in-Environment Concept: The ecological systems theory is perhaps the most important theory within the social work context as it analyzes the development of an individual based on his/her interaction with his/her immediate and external environment. Selvini Palazzoli, M.S., Cechin, G., Prata, G. and Boscolo, L., 1980a. In addition, possessing an understanding of the possibilities for intervention within each system enabled me to think creatively about different courses of action and potential outcomes (Byng_Hall, 1988). Reference this. You can view samples of our professional work here. Who agrees with DE? The function of the problem is also a vital element within a systemic formulation (Reder and Fredman, 1996; Bilson and Ross, 1999) and in DE’s case his presenting issues appeared to represent both a communication of internal conflicts (loss, abandonment, etc) and as a solution to the problem perceived by him as inappropriate accommodation. Therefore, it could be said that there was a juxtaposition between CPA care management and using systems theory. The systems idea could be a helpful method for pondering the occupation of managing. Closed systems have no interchange across the boundaries whereas open systems have permeable boundaries or guidelines but there is also some room for movement, within reason. Get help with your writing. Intending to ask lineal, circular, strategic or reflexive questions. This has generally been reported as existing within the families of those with schizoaffective disorders and is thought to represent deficits in communication and overinvolvement. Every system has a boundary, the properties of which are important in understanding how the system works. During this phase the worker explores client needs, assesses contributing factors, and devises a plan of action to help meet client needs. Benson, Long and Sporakowski), however the use of labels such as “schizoaffective” and “enhanced CPA” would seem unavoidable when working within a multidisciplinary team which necessitates communicating with equivalent language. In DE’s case, it appeared that the effects of his drug and alcohol use and of rejection issues had not been fully considered by staff at the care home and therefore the consequences of these had been able to escalate into relapse. Freud believed that the unconscious conflicts he uncovered – in dreams, in memory lapses, in neurotic symptoms – always referred to certain critical events in the individual’s early life. While systems theory is useful in helping social workers find ways to help people, it is also said that it is “no more than the trivial fact that mathematics of some sort can be applied to different sorts of problems” (Bertalanffy, 1968). “very low, always tired and very sad”. For a clinical social worker, the ecological systems theory is the most helpful in phase one of the helping process. We've received widespread press coverage since 2003, Your UKEssays purchase is secure and we're rated 4.4/5 on reviews.co.uk. 135-140. Company Registration No: 4964706. It was decided that employing systems theory would be the most efficacious approach in managing the service user’s needs. The sole family contact had been his maternal grandmother. Systems theory is concerned with the structure of complex systems, with a special emphasis on how parts of these systems relate to each other and to the systems as a whole. delusions, hallucinations and thought disorder) were actively encouraged, explored and participated in. By the end of the intervention, I believe that DE was able to engage in a more useful way with the various components of his system and was more settled in his placement as a result. It was apparent that a complex array of family, social and agency networks existed, indicating that the focus of any intervention would necessitate the addressing of these various components and their role in the service user’s functioning. Systems are defined as a collection of independent components which are interrelated and work together to accomplish goals. A further contributing factor may have been DE’s move to the UK following his bereavement and the sense of confusion and alienation this may have instilled. A pre-existing vulnerability to his mental health problems may have been activated by DE’s use of drugs and alcohol, possibly his coping mechanism to manage the previously described stressors. VAT Registration No: 842417633. The aim of this assignment is to analyse my intervention with a service user and her family whilst on my 80-day placement. General Systems Theory (GST): These deficits, combined with the lack of family support and underlying psychological issues, could have resulted in the issues with compliance and rule-breaking reported by the professionals involved in DE’s care. World System Theory that there is a universe industrial arrangement in which some homelands gain during the time remains are over worked. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Clinical Neuropsychology, 3rd Edition. 23-36. Copyright © 2003 - 2020 - UKEssays is a trading name of All Answers Ltd, a company registered in England and Wales. collection, SYSTEMS THEORY Over time, a systemic hypothesis evolved which incorporated the role of impaired family functioning and an early sense of abandonment by DE’s natural mother combined with the loss of his secondary, foster mother contributing to the development of a schizoaffective disorder. The right model of system are mostly to be made easy to understand, to build a high level of abstraction which can make the calculation more tractable (Ray, 2000-page, 25). Using circular questions to derive new information about DE’s situation and the interconnectedness of the system’s components, a pattern emerged which suggested possible indicators of relapse. Most people are part of a variety of systems and subsystems. The ecological systems theory is helpful on both the micro and macro level of social work. DE was a statutory referral which was accompanied by a challenge from his legal representatives to the local authority, claiming that they had failed in their duties towards DE as he was medically fit for discharge and did not need to be detained under Section 3 of the Mental Health Act. Further crucial principles of circularity are asking about specific behaviours that occur, rather than feelings or interpretations and ranking behaviours in order to highlight differences (Barker, 1998; Dallos and Draper, 2000). That is, because he felt part of the process of change, he would be more likely to feel comfortable with its parameters. A school has a complex network of social relationships with unique culture, making it In social work and psychology, professionals must look at the internal and external factors of a situation and/or a client’s life. 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