Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary. (3) Ptolemy, the father of Lysimachus (Apocrypha) (Additions to Esther 11:1). It is uncertain whether Physcon was an enemy and persecutor of the Jews or their patron. Bibliography Information The short answer to this question is “no.” Nowhere in the Bible are we told that the Earth is at the center of the universe. He reigned from 285 - 246 B.C., co-reigning with his father, Ptolemy I for two years from 285-283 B.C., then became sole ruler in 283 B.C after his father’s death. Antiochus and Ptolemy wars in the Bible. They assembled to translate the Hebrew Old Testament into the Greek language because Koine Greek began to supplant Hebrew as the language most commonly spoken by the Jewish people during the Hellenistic Period . Games in the Bible, What Not daring to disobey Rome, Antiochus compromised by making peace with Ptolemy and betrothing to him his daughter Cleopatra, who was to receive as her dower the revenues of the conquered provinces Coele-Syria, Palestine and Phoenicia (Josephus, Ant, XII, iv, 1; Polyb. in Smith's Classical Dictionary. The scholars worked in Alexandria during the reign of Ptolemy II Philadelphus (285-247 B.C. He had two full sisters, Arsinoe II and Philotera. Goliath And Philistine History, Ptolemy I is thought to have been the son of Lagus, a Macedonian nobleman of Eordaea. Antiochus IV Epiphanes then invaded Egypt, defeated the Egyptians at Pelusium and secured the person of Philometor, whom he spared, hoping to employ him as a tool to gain the ascendancy over Egypt. His reign was characterized by cruelty, tyranny and vice, so that he was hated by his subjects, especially by the people of Alexandria, who on one occasion expelled him during an insurrection. Proud member Some regard this king as the Euergetes mentioned in the Prologue to Sir, but the reference must rather be to Euergetes II (Ptolemy VII). III. Tanner, Bible Study about Simon the Tanner, Acts 10:6 Peter Was Staying at the Ptolemy I Soter was a companion and historian of Alexander the Great of the Kingdom of Macedon in northern Greece who became ruler of Egypt, part of Alexander's former empire. Paracletus in the Greek, Does the Bible teach that the Earth is the center of the universe?" It was most probably in this year (312) that Ptolemy captured Jerusalem on a Sabbath day (Josephus, Ant, XII, i, 1), and by force or persuasion induced many Jews to accompany him to Egypt as colonists or mercenaries. Tanner, Bible Study about Simon the Tanner, Acts 10:6 Peter Was Staying at the According to the usual interpretation this Philadelphus is "the king of the south" in Daniel 11:5. Tree Psalm 92:12, Which Kinds of Games Existed in the Time For the first 7 years of his reign his mother Cleopatra acted as queen-regent, and peace was maintained with Syria till 173 BC. Definition of Paraclete, Bible study about the Holy Spirit and the Paraclete, Philip took the Cyclades and some cities in Thrace, while Antiochus defeated the Egyptian general Scopas at Paneas on the Jordan in 198 BC, and thus Palestine passed to the Seleucid dynasty. This Ptolemy planted numerous colonies in Egypt, Syria and Palestine, among which were several of the name of Arsinoe (his sister-wife), Philadelphia on the ruins of old Rabbah, Philotera south of the Sea of Galilee, and Ptolemais on the site of Acco. Thesepeople believe that the Bible clearly states that the Earth does not move,and hence the only acceptable Biblical cosmology is a geocentric one. )-loving"), the youngest son of Ptolemy I; born 309 BC in Cos; succeeded his father in 285 BC and died 247. Answer: This is a very important question because the answer helps to shape our belief system and worldview, both of which have eternal consequences. (1) Ptolemy I, surnamed Soter, (Soter, "Savior"), called also Ptolemy Lagi, was born circa 366 BC, … This Ptolemy shares with his son and successor the honor of rounding the famous Alexandrian Museum and Library. The Conquest of Persia 334 Battle of Granicus 334-3 Conquest of Lycia, Pamphylia and Western Pisidia 333 Conquest of Cilicia, Battle of Issus 332 Siege and capture of Tyre; conquest of Egypt 331 Foundation of Alexandria; submission of Cyrene; settlement of Syria; Battle of Gaugamela; occupation of Babylon, Susa and Persepolis 330 At Ecbatana (Darius dies) 328 Conquest of Bactria and Sogdiana 327 Invasion of India 324 Returns to Susa 323 Alexander dies at Babylon The Bible is clear enough about cosmogony (the origin and history of the universe): God created everything in six days ( Genesis 1), and God made the heavenly bodies on day four ( Genesis 1:14–19). Article Images Copyright © 2020 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. Bible Study about Syria, What the Bible Says about Syria and Damascus, Isaiah 17, The Bible and Palm (4) Ptolemy IV, surnamed Philopator (Philopator, "Lover of his father"), or Tryphon (Truphon), the eldest son of Euergetes whom he succeeded in 222 BC. N.B this is a direct continuation from Egypt Syria wars in the Bible. The Romans seated him again on his throne, assigning Cyrenaica to Euergetes. General Editor. Ptolemy Philopator, his eldest son, who succeeded him, was to the last degree sensual, effeminate and debased. Tree Psalm 92:12, Definition of Paraclete, Bible study about the Holy Spirit and the Paraclete, Ptolemy I Soter (366 BCE 282 BCE) was one of the successor kings to the empire of Alexander the Great. The founder and first king of a Greek-speaking dynasty that ruled over Egypt after the death of Alexander the Great until it was annexed by Rome in 30 bc.Ptolemy (ca. Naves Topical Bible (4) Ptolemy, son of a Dositheus; he and his father were bearers of the "epistle of Phrurai" (Additions to Esther 11:1). He was as dissolute as Nero, while his domestic tragedies are as dark as those of Herod the Great. The Jewish-Alexandrine philosopher Aristobulus probably lived in this reign. Meaning of the Name The other Ptolemies of Egypt require no mention here. But on discovering Balas' treachery, he took away his daughter from him and gave her to his opponent, Demetrius Nikator, whom he now supported against Balas. He treacherously assassinated Simon and two of his sons in the stronghold of Dok near Jericho, 135 BC (1 Macc 16:15). Ptolemy II and the Septuagint Ptolemy II Philadelphus was the second king of Egypt under Greek rule. Taking advantage of the king's minority, Antiochus the Great leagued with Philip of Macedon against Egypt. He was prominent among the officers of Alexander the Great, whom he accompanied in his eastern ca… history of Thyatira, (7) (On the death of Philometor his young son was proclaimed king as Ptolemy Eupator ("of a noble father"), but after reigning but a few months was put to death by his uncle Euergetes II (Just. "International Standard Bible Encyclopedia". He served not only as king of Egypt but also the founder of the Ptolemaic dynasty, a dynasty which included the infamous Cleopatra VII. The meaning of Ptolemy in the Bible (From International Standard Bible Encyclopedia) tol'-e-mi (Ptolemaios, but usually called Ptolemy—"the Warlike"): The name Ptolemy is rather common from the days of Alexander the Great, but is best known as the dynastic name of the 13 (14) Macedonian kings of Egypt (323-43 BC) (as Pharaoh in the Old Testament). This, the so-called Septuagint translation of the Hebrew Bible into Greek, is traditionally dated to the reign of Ptolemy II Philadelphus of Egypt (285-246 BC). Their reign lasted from 323 BC to 30 BC according to the Biblical Timeline Poster with World History. Ptolemy was the most famous astronomer of Classical antiquity. In his reign the Jewish temple of Leontopolis near Hellopolis was founded in 154 BC (Josephus, Ant, XIII, iii, 1 f), and two Jewish generals, Onias and Dositheus, were at the head of his armies and had a large share in the government (Josephus, Apion II, 5). The Bible and Palm (6) Ptolemy VI, surnamed Philometor (Philometor, "Fond of his mother"), eider son of Ptolemy V whom he succeeded in 182 (181) BC. The statement, "in the 38th year of King Euergetes," in the Prologue to Sirach refers to Physcon Euergetes II and = 132 BC, since he dated his reign from the year of joint kingship with his brother (170 BC). On the death of Alexander, Ptolemy seized the satrapy of Egypt as his share (1 Macc 1:6). of Daniel 11:25-30 refers to the events of this reign. The "shoot" who "shall enter into the fortress of the king of the north" and prevail is Euergetes I (Daniel 11:7-9), Daniel 11:8 referring to the act by which he won his title. Paul's Letter to Titus, Bible Study Lessons in Titus, Ptolemy I Soter, one of the generals who took over the Greek Empire after Alexander’s death, ruled Egypt from 323 BC to 282 BC. The Romans now interfered to make Antiochus surrender his conquests. history of Thyatira, David and Goliath, How Tall Was Goliath, Archaeological Discoveries and Goliath, Ptolemy believed that the Old Testament law was a composite text created with authorship from God, Moses, and the elders of the people. Alexander at his death, in a simplistic explanation, had four successors, the one who acquired Egypt was named Ptolemy, the very one who Alexander had given his daughter to. (2) Ptolemy II, surnamed Philadelphus (Philadelphos, "Brother(sister? Moderngeocentrists use both Biblical and scientific arguments for their case.We examine these arguments, and find them poorly founded. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); ISBE Bible Encyclopedia Home (3) Ptolemy III, surnamed Euergetes (Euergetes, "Benefactor"), son of Philadelphus, whom he succeeded in 247 BC. But externally his kingdom retained its power and splendor and when circumstances forced him to action. Alexander, Alexander the Great, Alexander the Coppersmith, In spite of the victory of Raphia, Egypt began to decline under his weakness. The origin of Serapis worship is rooted in political expediency. Daniel 11:10-12 refers to the reign of Philopator. Orr, James, M.A., D.D. Those of interest to the Biblical student are: (1) Ptolemy I, surnamed Soter, (Soter, "Savior"), called also Ptolemy Lagi, was born circa 366 BC, the son of Lagus and Arsinoe, a concubine of Philip of Macedon. xxxviii.8). Bible Study about Syria, What the Bible Says about Syria and Damascus, Isaiah 17, He was only 5 years old when his father Philopator died. In 305-304 he defended the Rhodians against Demetrius Poliorcetes, forcing the latter to raise the siege--hence, the title "Savior." The following are the apocryphal Ptolemies: (2) Ptolemy, son of Abubus, son-in-law of Simon the Maccabee. Like his father, he was actively engaged in two Syrian wars until peace was made about 250 BC, Berenice, the daughter of Philadelphus, being given in marriage to Antiochus II. Jewish leaders who governed in the time of Ptolemy had to keep order and make sure the people pay their taxes on time. Ptolemy himself showed ability not unworthy of his race. The brothers quarreled again, and Philometor, expelled by Euergetes, went to Rome to seek assistance (164 BC). He treacherously assassinated Simon and two of his sons in... (3) Ptolemy, the father of Lysimachus (Apocrypha) (Additions to Esther 11:1). He brought back with him from the East the Egyptian gods that Cambyses had carried away 300 years before, thus earning from the Egyptians the title of "Benefactor." ), Livy, Diodorus, Jerome (Commentary to Daniel 11). Paul's Letter to Titus, Bible Study Lessons in Titus, Meaning of the Name The Origins of the Septuagint The very first translation of the Hebrew Bible was made into Greek, probably as early as the third century BC. The first Ptolemy came to power after the death of Alexander the Great in Babylonia. xxviii.17), but the control of these provinces seems to have been retained by Antiochus. Great naval fight off Salamis in Cyprus by which Cyprus was lost Egypt! Museum and Library and mounted soldiers, to break camp came in the Bible is a direct continuation from Syria. P. Mahaffy, Empire of Alexander the Great in Babylonia who originally came from Macedonia, were some Ptolemy... Honor of rounding the famous Alexandrian Museum and Library assassinated Simon and two of his by! 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